Similar to turmeric, elaichi is a member of the ginger family. This spice mainly comes in two varieties, green and black pods. It can be ground up as well. Cardamom has a pungent flavor and is used in sweet and savory dishes alike.
One of its pharmacologic/medicinal properties includes reducing the risk of stomach ulcers. According to the Unani or Perso-Arabic system of medicine, large ilaichi is excellent for gastrointestinal disorders. This is demonstrated through a study published in 2001 titled, “Evaluation of the gastric antiulcerogenic effect of large cardamom…”.
In the experiment, rats were given different forms of cardamom and observed for gastric effects. Results showed “a direct protective effect” on the stomach’s mucosa. In addition, there was a decrease in gastric motility which “suggests the gastroprotective action of the spice.” *
Green elaichi; also in pulverized form
*Source: Jafri MA, Farah, Javed K, Singh S. Evaluation of the gastric antiulcerogenic effect of large cardamom (fruits of Amomum subulatum Roxb). J Ethnopharmacol. 2001 May;75(2-3):89-94.